RELATIONSHIP OF BLOOD GLUCOSE LEVELS WITH ANTHROPOMETRIC INDICES
Syeda Bushra Fatima*, Najla Eyad alshammari and Marivic Ramirez Jamison
Background: Anthropometric measurements such as waist circumference, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio give risk information on diabetes mellitus. However, there are mixed reports on the relationship of these anthropometric indices with the levels of glucose in the blood. Objective: The objective of this study was to
determine the relationship between random blood glucose levels with BMI, waist circumference, hip circumference, and waist-hip ratio among females. Methods: We carried out a cross-sectional descriptive study of 528 subjects aged >18years using random sampling technique. Data were collected with a structured questionnaire. Subjects were measured for waist circumference and hip circumference; the waist-hip ratio was calculated. Estimation of blood glucose concentration was carried out using glucometer. Statistical Analysis: SPSS Statistic 17 for statistical processing. Means and standard deviations were calculated for each variable using descriptive statistics. Results: Subjects consisted of 528 females, the mean age was 39±5.97yrs, average BMI 25.54 ±6.28kg/m2, mean Random Plasma glucose level (RPGL) was 101.99(±26.87) mg/dl. The range (median) of the visceral fat, hip circumference and waist-hip ratio of the subjects were 97cm±46.5, 97cm±9.76 and 0.8±9.76 respectively. There were positive relationship between blood glucose levels with waist circumference (r=0.1, P=0.004) and waist-hip ratio (r=0.1, P=0.002). There was no relationship between blood glucose levels and hip circumference (r=0.0, P=0.13). Conclusion: We found positive relationship between the random blood glucose levels with waist circumference and waist-hip ratio in this study. Therefore, waist circumference and waist-hip ratio would be good predictors of diabetes mellitus among rural adults.
Keywords: Diabetes mellitus, Blood glucose levels(BGL),BMI, Waist-hip ratio, waist circumference, Hip circumference.
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