( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Njood Al Barakh, Suha Algain, Alhanouf Al Barrak, Sara Al Mazrooa, Sumaiah Alfaleh, Felwah Alotaibi, Mohamed N.*


Background: Antibiotic misuse is one of the biggest major health problems worldwide. Awareness and good practice of antibiotic usage among females has a great influence to build- up in the healthy community. In this study, we analyzed the present status of Princess Nourha University (PNU) students’ knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) on the usage of antibiotics, and examined the influence of PNU medical curriculum on the appropriate usage of antibiotics among medical students. Objectives: to investigate the knowledge, attitude and behavior of PNU students (Medical and non-medical) in relation of the awareness of using antibiotics. Materials and Methods: In this study, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in Riyadh city. A total of 394 female students from PNU, aged 18-24 years, enrolling in medical school (M) and non-medical school (NM) were chosen as the subject of study. Respondents were surveyed to assess their knowledge, attitude and practice toward antibiotic usage. Results: 77% of M has a good knowledge of the types of antibiotics whereas 36.6% of NM was unable to differentiate between antibiotics and pain-killers. A closely similar percentage of M (85.1%) and NM (81.0%) disagreed the universal principles of antibiotic use is not wide enough. A total of 96.3% of M and 97.2% of NM agreed that human body contains health-beneficial bacteria. Lastly, 77.6% of M and 74.9% of NM believed that newer and more expensive antibiotics would have better effect. The correlation in antibiotic usage without doctor’s instruction by medical students is highly significant (p<0.001). Conclusions: It is essential to develop educational interventions to correct the misuse and misunderstanding of antibiotics to be able to have a health educated community.

Keywords: Antibiotics, Attitude, Female students, Knowledge, Practices, Riyadh, King Saudi Arabia.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia