EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A REVIEW ON ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE

Rajalakshmi A. N.*, Padmapriya. S. and Manimegalai. K.

ABSTRACT

Oral contraceptive pills are a class of drugs which have been widely studied since 1960, and are used by more than 70 million women daily. In a national research conducted in the US on the contraceptive methods, it was concluded that the oral contraceptives had the highest rate of use, and using oral contraceptives was the first-grade selected method in 15-44-year-old women (18.9%). Oral contraceptives (birth control pills) are medications that are used to prevent pregnancy. Oral contraceptive, also called birth control pill, any of a class of synthetic steroid hormones that suppress the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland in the female body. FSH and LH normally stimulate the release of Estrogen from the ovaries, which in turn stimulates ovulation—the release of a mature egg from the female ovary. Oral contraceptives are hormonal preparations that may contain combinations of the hormones, Estrogen and progestin or progestin alone This combination inhibits ovulation, presumably by preventing release of follicle-stimulating hormone by Estrogen and luteinizing hormone by progesterone. Hormonal contraceptives may be divided into combined Estrogen-Progestogen contraceptives preparation available as pills, skin patches, vaginal rings which are monophasic, biphasic and triphasic. Progestogen-only contraceptives Preparation available as pills, injections, implants, hormone spirals which contain only one hormone, synthetic progestogen are called ‗minipill‘ and Emergency contraception pills also called as ―morning after pills‖. When oral contraceptives are used correctly, they are between 92 and 99 percent effective in preventing an unintended pregnancy. This review will enlightened various methods of oral contraceptives.

Keywords: Oral contraceptive pills, Estrogen, Progesterone.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database