EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

DISTRIBUTION OF DIABETES CO-MORBIDITIES AND TREATMENT OUTCOME OF HYPERTENSION AT A TERTIARY LIFESTYLE MEDICAL CENTRE IN ILE-IFE, OSUN STATE NIGERIA: A 5 –YEAR RETROSPECTIVE STUDY

Owigho Peter Opreh, Bayo Olufunso Adeoye*, Herb Giebel, Siow Leong Fam, Ayodeji David Adeoye, Olateju Adetutu Saliu

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes is a lifestyle disorder that is of global public health concern. The comorbidities associated with diabetes often predispose to early mortality. Available conventional medications often elicit limited therapeutic activity, except when combined with ideal lifestyle modifications. This study aimed at investigating how diabetes patients responded to intensive lifestyle changes including diet and exercise. Method: This was a five-year retrospective study of diabetic subjects who underwent ten days of intense lifestyle changes. The patient's hospital record was retrieved. Data were analysed using paired t-test on graph pad prism (version 5.0). Results: The most common comorbidity among diabetic patients was hypertension, affecting 86 (54.8%) of them. At the onset of admission to the lifestyle ward, there were 12 (7.6%), 19 (12.1%), 42 (26.8%), and 13 (8.3%) diabetic patients with elevated blood pressure, stage 1, 2, and 3 hypertension, respectively. On discharge, 85 (54.1%) of the patients had normal blood pressure, while 42 (26.8%), 27 (17.2%), and 42 (26.8%) had elevated, stage 1 and 2 hypertension, respectively. The mean fasting blood glucose (FBG) obtained was 13.24 mol/L, body mass index (BMI) was 27.10, systolic blood pressure (SBP) was 193.3mmHg, while mean diastolic blood pressure (DBP) was 120.34mmHg. After the lifestyle intervention mean FBG (6.23 mmol/L), BMI (21.73), SBP (118.3 mmHg), and DBP (95.57 mmHg) were all significantly (p < 0.05) lower. Conclusion: The implementation of a whole food plant-based diet and exercise resulted in a considerable remission of diabetes mellitus and its most common comorbidity, hypertension, according to this study.

Keywords: Diabetes, Hypertension, Lifestyle, Exercise, Whole Food Plant-Based (WFPB) Diet.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database