PHARMACOGNOSTICAL, PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT STUDIES ON LEAVES OF CISSUS QUADRANGULARIS LINN
Pavithra T.*, Parvathi H. B., Rakshitha Y. C., Impana C. S., Senthil Kumar G. P.
In the present study, an attempt was made to investigate Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical & Antioxidant studies on the leaves of Cissus Quadrangularis (Vitaceae). This is mainly used for promoting the fracture healing process. It was performed by generally accepted laboratory technique for qualitative determination. The transverse section mid rib of leaf shows the presence of cortex, vascular bundles, epidermis and mucilaginous gland. In powder microscopy shows the presence of fibers, mucilage, xylem vessels and lignified cells. Physicochemical parameters such as total ash value, acid insoluble ash value and water-soluble ash and extractive value were determined. These can serve in qualifying and differentiating the plant. In Phytochemical analysis observed that alkaloids, flavonoids, tannins, steroids were present more in Methanolic extract and were lesser amount in ethyl acetate extract, petroleum ether extract and chloroform extracts. To ascertain the medicinal properties of the plant and also to assess its anti-oxidant potential of Methanolic leaf extract of Cissus quadrangularis. The results revealed that Methanolic extract is mainly composed of oxygenated hydrocarbons and predominantly phenolic hydrocarbons. This different active Phytochemical may be responsible for wide range of activities, which may help in the protection against incurable diseases. The future In-vivo investigation should be carried out to confirm the activity in animal models.
Keywords: Cissus quadrangularis linn, Pharmacognostical, Phytochemical screening and in-vitro antioxidant.
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