EFFECT OF VITIATED VYAAN VAYU IN HYPERTENSION
Shivam Vaidh and Megha Bahuguna*
Ayurveda is a science of life which is based on three basic entities or pillars named as Tridoshas – Vata, pitta and kapha. All these three Doshas work along with each other in the body as seprate structural and functional units as if maintaining equilibrium inside the body to keep us healthy. any imbalance of any one among these Tridoshas caused different kind of ailments and in turn, different diseases in our body. Vata Dosha is considered as the primary Dosha without which even rest of the Dosha can‟t work properly. All kind of movement or “Gati ” as per Ayurveda classics are under control of Vata Dosha. there are five types of Vata or Vayu and they have been assigned different type of functions in the body to perform. Vyaan Vayu among all five types of Vayu is considered to be as basic element for circulation through the body. It resides in the Hridaya as Ashray Sthan but responsible for circulating Rasa – Rakta all around the body continuously. So, its Sthana is Sarva- Sharer as cited in the classical texts. Vitiation of Vayu (Vyaan Vayu) is responsible for the disturbance in the movement and circulation of body fluids along with blood as an important entity. Vyaan Vayu is responsible for forceful ejection of Rasa- Rakta out of Hridya and circulating it throughout the body. So we can include both sympathetic and para-sympathetic function of heart under the control of Vyaan Vayu. Sympathetic control increases the heart rate and conduction velocity which is vasomotor centre (120) in medulla and para- sympathetic has its apposite effects. In this study patients of hypertension were clinically examined to find out the Dosha Vikriti as per Ayurveda principals. During research it was found that every patient with Hypertension was suffering from the symptoms and lakshanas of vitiated Vayu (Vyaan Vayu) and moreover, on taking history of all of them, the Nidanas or the causative factors were all relating to the Nidanas of Vyaan Vayu vitiation. These observations helped us to conclude that Blood Pressure of an individual is affected by Vitiation of Vyaan Vayu in his /her body and so Hypertension or increased blood pressure can be easily managed with the Ayurvedic management of Vitiated Vyaan Vayu described by our Acharyas, bringing Vaikrita / Vitiated Vyaan Vayu to its Prakrita / normal Avastha or state.
Keywords: Vyaan Vaayu, Hypertention, Vitiation of vaayu, Raktagata vaat, Raktachaap.
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