NASYA AND ITS MODE OF ACTION: A REVIEW ARTICLE
Rawat Stuti*, Sharma Kumar Uttam and G. M. Kavya
According to Ayurveda, the universe is made up of Panchamahabhuta (five basic elements) i.e. Akasha (space), Vayu (air), Agni (fire), Jala (water) and Prithvi (earth). The human body consists of three humors called Vata, Pitta and Kapha which are also a combination of Panchamahabhuta. According to Ayurveda, imbalance in these Dosha causes disorders of body and mind. Thus, for maintenance of a healthy body and mind, equilibrium in all three Dosha is necessary which can be achieved by Panchakarma. Nasya Karma is one of the important therapies in Panchakarma for maintaining balance of Dosha. In this therapy, the medicine is administered through nose. It is particularly useful in the treatment of diseases occurring in upper clavicular region but also works on the whole body by acting on endocrine and nervous system. Nasa (nose) is called the doorway to head. It is not only used for functions like smell and respiration but also as a route of drug administration. Medicines introduced through nose stimulate the higher centers of brain which acts endocrine and nervous system functions. Thus, considering benefits of Nasya it is widely used in preventive as well as curative aspects.
Keywords: Nasya, Urdhavjatrugata, Dosha.
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