DRUG UTILIZATION PATTERN IN TONSILLITIS AND PHARYNGITIS PATIENTS ADMITTED IN THE OTO-RHINOLARYNGOLOGY DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN MANDYA: A RECORD BASED DESCRIPTIVE STUDY.
*Dr. Divyashree N., Amal Basith, Bonny Babu, Dr. Vinay M., Dr. Sridhar P. V. and Dr. Suresha B. S.
Background: Inappropriate treatment of acute tonsillitis and pharyngitis with excessive use of antibiotics and symptomatic medicines remains a serious problem. Drug utilization evaluations involve a comprehensive review of patient’s prescription and medication data before, during and after dispensing to ensure appropriate medication decision making and positive patient outcomes. Objective: To analyze the drug utilization pattern on tonsillitis and pharyngitis at otorhinolaryngology department MIMS, Mandya. Methodology: This was a record based retrospective study on tonsillitis and pharyngitis cases of patients admitted in the otorhinolaryngology department at MIMS, Mandya. The obtained information were documented and subjected to suitable statistical methods. Result: Among 178 patients under study, increased occurrence of tonsillitis and pharyngitis is among 5-14 years (32.02%) of age and is common among female (52.2%) patients. Tonsillitis (81.46%) was found to be in majority compared to pharyngitis (18.53). Rantac (18.71%) and diclofenac (17.48%) was the concomitant drugs prescribed in maximum. Antimicrobials being the common class of drugs for tonsillitis and pharyngitis. Ceftriaxone (38.88%), betadine (31.33%) followed by metronidazole (08.66%) and amoxicillin (08.44%) was prescribed and administered in maximum. Conclusion: Our study concludes that, the majority of subject who got affected from tonsillitis and pharyngitis were female as compared with males. The most affected age group were 5-14. Among tonsillitis and pharyngitis, majority of patients were suffering from tonsillitis than pharyngitis. Rantac and diclofenac were the most used drug for the co-morbid condition. Treatment of tonsillitis and pharyngitis were with antimicrobials in which most used were ceftriaxone.
Keywords: Tonsillitis, Pharyngitis, Antimicrobial agent, Drug utilization.
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