ANKLE BRACHIAL PRESSURE INDEX IN ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK IN HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS AND ITS COMPARISION WITH NON-HYPERTENSIVE PATIENTS
*Dr. Niranjan M.
Background: Atherosclerosis is the most common cause of mortality and morbidity worldwide, is considered a generalized process which affects coronary cerebral, and peripheral arteries of the lower extremities. Ankle-brachial pressure index is a used as an indirect marker for increased cardiovascular risk. Aim -To assess the atherosclerotic risk using Ankle brachial pressure index in hypertensive patients. Methods: The cross sectional study included data from hypertensive and non-hypertensive patients (n=100). The Ankle brachial pressure were measured in the posterior tibial arteries using a Doppler ultrasound probe. The detailed demographic and anthropometric data was entered in proforma and data statistically analyzed. Results: There is significant correlation of hypertension with ABPI. Mean ABPI (p<0.001)was low in hypertensive patients than normotensive subjects. Conclusions: The present study data was showing a link between low ABPI with Hypertension, IHD, Stroke, and Smoking. So there is significant association of low Ankle Brachial Pressure Index (ABPI) in patients with Hypertension, IHD Stroke and smoking. And the study also signified the importance of ABPI a simple noninvasive tool for assessing the atherosclerotic risk in an individual.
Keywords: ABPI Atherosclerosis, hypertension, Doppler.
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