THE STUDY OF THE DISTRIBUTION, DIAGNOSIS AND TREATMENTS OF PLEURAL EFFUSION (TRANSUDATE, EXUDATE) IN DAMASCUS HOSPITAL.
Hussam Albardan, Mohamad Jamil Almajzoub*, Oubadah Aldaher, Ammar Albghdadi and Mohamad Shaaban
Aim and purpose: Proceeding from the increasing number of cases that visited Damascus Hospital with a story of pleural effusion, it was necessary to conduct a study of the prevalence of these cases, methods of their diagnosis, knowledge of their type, and the measures taken to treat them. Materials and method: The research included 103 cases of patients diagnosed with effusions that were collected in a retrograde crowded manner from the archives of Damascus Hospital from 2018-2021, then an electronic form was developed to unload samples, followed by the use of the SPSS-25 program to conduct a descriptive statistic for those cases. The results: The average age of patients was 48.49 years, where the percentage of males was the highest at 59.2%, and the majority of the sample was not exposed to risk factors at a rate of 53.4%, while the simple chest x-ray was the most common method of diagnosis with a percentage of 86.4%. As for the type of effusion, exudative effusion was dominant with a percentage of 92.2%, as 94.8% of the exudative effusions had two positive Light's criteria. By switching to the colour of the liquid, red (blood) was the most common with 42.7%. The traumatic cause was the most common cause with a percentage of 30.1%. Concerning the treatment used, chest, blasting was the most commonly used, treatment with a rate of 68%. Conclusion: In light of the many medical conditions and challenges facing our medical community, such cases may be critical and life-threatening. Therefore, awareness campaigns should be carried out on the issue of pleural effusions, and taken into account if patients visit the emergency department and not be lenient in diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and it is necessary to Conduct training seminars for physicians on effusions and how to diagnose them.
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