A DETAILED CRITICAL REVIEW ON VAMANA KARMA
Dr. Sandeep Marotirao Jondhale* and Dr. Langote Govind Bhanudasrao
Since time immemorial man is in quest of attainment of the ideal health and longevity of life with happiness. It is the necessity felt by many to lead a long and better life. Ayurveda is an applied science which is practiced from the Vedic era, having an unbroken continuity till today. According to Ayurveda.
“Dharmarth kam mokshanamarogyam mullottama”| …. Cha. Su. 1/15
In healthy life is very essential. It means Dhatu Samya is Tantrasya Prayojanm. In Ayurveda, so many types of the diseases describe among them persons suffering with disease like Sthulata, Krishta, Atigaurava, Atikrisha, Atiloma, Aloma are called as Nindita Purusha.
In Ayurveda three types of treatment described for the diseases, they are Samshodhana, Samshamana and Nidanaparivarjanm. According to Ayurveda, Samshodhana Karma is Mula Chikitsa.
The Shodhana therapy consists of five potent specialized therapeutic proceduces i.e., Vamana, Virechana, Basti, Nasya & Raktamokshana. By this therapy the vitiated Dosha which are the cause of the disease get completely eliminated. Vamana Karma is considered as best treatment for elimination of vitiated Kapha out of body by means of vomiting. Similarly Virechana Karma eliminates Pitta and associated other Dosha and similar substances by means of purgation. Ruksha Udvartana has been emphasized in the treatment of obesity (reduces Kapha) by its specific properties like Kaphahara, Medasa Pravilayana (liquifies), Sthirikarana Anganam (stability to the body parts) etc. (A.H.Su.-2/15)
Importance of samshodhana: The vitiation of the Doshas alleviated by palliative therapy like Langhana, Pachana etc. is likely to vitiate again, where as the Doshas alleviated by cleansing therapies like Samshodhana will not vitiate again.
Panchakarma procedures are mainly indicated in severe diseases where Dosha accumulation is excessive and when only palliative therapy is not sufficient to combat with the situation. According to Vagbhata Niruha Basti, Vamana, Kayavirechana (Virechana), Shirovirechana (Nasya) & Raktamokshana are the five Samshodhana therapies and according Charaka other than Raktamokshana four are the Samshodhana therapies. Hence both the Acharyas have included Virechana & Niruha Basti under Samshodhana Chikitsa only.
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