OCCULAR ADVERSE EFFECTS OF SYSTEMIC MEDICATIONS: A REVIEW
Pradnya Deolekar*, Kavitha Dongerkery and Pramila Yadav
Patient safety of is one of the most important issues in contemporary medicine. Drugs that are taken orally are systemically absorbed, with the potential to affect all parts of the body including the eye. Its rich blood supply and relatively small mass increase the susceptibility of the eye to drug-related adverse effects. Some ocular adverse effects may be reversed with medical or surgical intervention whereas other drugs may cause irreversible loss of vision. The risk of visual loss can be reduced by a number of approaches, including monitoring for ocular toxicity, reducing the drug dose, or stopping the drug and looking for an alternative.
Information related to adverse drug effects caused by ocular medications and ocular adverse effects of systemically administered drugs has increased over the last several decades. Here we review the medical literature to determine the ocular toxicity of non-ocular drugs.
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