A LITRARY REVIEW ON SHWASA WITH SPECIAL REFERNCES TO TAMAKA SHWASA
*Dr. Mangesh Subhash Kumbhakarn, Dr. Kishor Machhindra Waghmare and Dr. Ankush Dattatraya Khedkar
Ayurveda is an ancient Indian oldest Science on this Planet. The basic concepts of Ayurveda evolved during the vedic period were refined and advanced further in Charaka Samhita. They were also placed on a sound scientific footing so that all physiological and pathological phenomena were interpreted logically. The word Shwas means "difficulty in breathing". Normally shwas word represents to Tamak shwas described in Ayurvedic texts. Tamaka Swasa is mentioned as one of the type among five variety of Swasa. But out of these, Kshudra Swasa present as symptom in many diseases & it does not require any medication whereas Maha Swasa, Urdhva Swasa & Chinna Swasa are present in the terminal stages of various diseases. Tamaka Swasa is a 'Swatantra' Vyadhi & having its own etiology, pathology & Treatment. It is mentioned as Yaapya Vyadhi i.e. chronic in nature. Bronchial asthma as mentioned in Modern Medicine closely resembles with Tamaka Swasa. The feature of this disease is very similar to the disease 'Bronchial Asthma' mentioned in allopathic books. It is characterized by difficulty in breathing, increased breathing rate, cough with thick sputum. Nowadays shwas (Asthma) is one of the major diseases that causes more medical emergencies. Many factors are supposed to be an increasing factors of the disease. Increased industrialization, chemicals used in various factories, overpopulation, pollution are some of them.
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