CONCEPT OF FASD (VENESECTION) AND ITS APPLICATION IN PRESENT SCENARIO
Dr. Mohd. Shahab*, Prof. Dr. Nafasat Ali Ansari and Dr. Farzana Khatoon
Background- Fasd in Arabic is synonymous to phlebotomy. The art of Venesection / Phlebotomy act of drawing or removing blood from the circulatory system through a cut (incision) or puncture. It is a method, used for Tankia (cleansing and evacuation of morbid materials from the body). Buqrat/Hippocrates explained that the balance could be restored by withdrawing measured amounts of the patient’s blood. Aims and Objectives- To clear the concepts of Fasd and Uruq Mafsuda in the light of Unani as well as Modern perspective and to describe therapeutic use of Fasd in present scenario. Method - In this paper we search and consider Unani books like Kitab-Al-Umda fil Jarahat, Kitab Al- Mansoori, Kamil Al-San’t, Kulliyat Nafeesi, A History of Human Anatomy, Grey’s Anatomy etc. Conclusion / Future prospective- Fasd is mostly used in people who are prone to amraze damwia (diseases due to blood impairment) as well as for preventive measures. Fasd is the effective method of evacuation of morbid matter used for the purpose of tankia restoring and maintaining Health.
Keywords: Tibbe Unani (Unani medicine), Fasd (Venesection/ Phlebotomy), Istefragh (Evacuation), Akhlat (Humors), Uruq Mafsuda (Bloodletting vessels).
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