EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

RAMGARH LAKE OF GORAKHPUR, INDIA

*Dr. Tulika Mishra, Neha Kumari Sonkar and Archana Kushwaha

ABSTRACT

Water is life for all the living organisms which is present on earth. Water is needed to ensure food security, feed livestock, and take up industrial production and to conserve the environment. Water scarcity involves water stress, water shortage or deficits, and water crisis. India is home to 18 percent of the global population but has only 4% of the global water resources and is one of the largest water users per unit of gross domestic product. This suggests that the way in which India manages its scarce water resources accounts for much of its water woes. Growth in urban population leads to additional water demand of 12,420 MLD in urban areas and is expected to grow at a rate of 4.2% per year till 2025. There is a vast gap between the demand and supply of water in urban areas of India. According to a study by the Centre for Science and Environment, 48% of urban water supply in India comes from ground water. Ground water exploitation for commercial and domestic use in most cities is leading to reduction in ground water level. The Asian Development Bank has forecast that by 2030, India will have a water deficit of 50%. Integrated holistic approach towards managing urban water supply is needed in India, which aligns with the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals to be achieved by 2030 regarding availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Much of the water crisis in India is caused not by natural disasters, but rather because of severe mismanagement of water resources, poor governance, anthropogenic wastes and apathy about the magnitude of the crisis. The increased value of solid wastes and other hazardous waste in water systems such as rivers, ponds, lakes and canals also heavily pollute the water quality. This paper elucidates various measures for sustainable urban water management especially in Uttar Pradesh. Recycling and treating sewage water can also help us meet out the water scarcities in urban areas. Protection and conservation of Water bodies/ Ponds, recharging the ground water and the aquifers hold the key importance. The need of the hour is conservation of shrinking water bodies, wetlands and dying lakes. The case study of Ramgarh lake of Gorakhpur area has been mentioned in this paper which is the affected lungs of the city.

Keywords: Urbanization, Integrated Water Resource Management, Ramgarh Lake.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia