AN EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY AND SEVERITY ASSESSMENT OF OBSESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER IN WARANGAL REGION, INDIA
Sujan Reddy Revoori*, Shravan Kumar Peddi and Manasa Alladi
Objective: The objective of this study was to clinically evaluate the prevalence and assess the severity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) in Warangal region, India. Materials and Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out for a period of 6 months from July to December 2013 at various Neuropsychiatric Centers in Warangal region. A total of 113 patients (male: 65, female: 48) were screened using specially designed data collection form to collect and record demographic data. Structured interviews were conducted to obtain Yale Brown Obsessive- Compulsive Scale (YBOCS) scores. All the data were analyzed by ANOVA and Chi Square test using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software version by dividing the patients into age groups of decades from 11 to 60. Results: Obsessive compulsive disorder was more prevalent among subjects between the age of 21 and 30 years (46%), and of the patients were literates (98.2%). More patients were married (61.6%) than single (38%). The most prevalent obsession was fear of harming (81.25%) while of the most prevalent compulsions was repeating (76.1%). Based on YBOC scale, OCD severity was categorized into subclinical (2.7%), mild (23.9%), moderate (41.6%), severe (23%) and extreme (8.9%). Conclusion: The prevalence of OCD condition was more among the age group of 21 to 30 years and among literates. Sociodemographic factors like age, socioeconomic status and urban were risk factors in assessing the severity of OCD.
Keywords: obsessive-compulsive disorder, epidemiology, prevalence, YBOC Scale.
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