EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A REVIEW ON ANEMIA DURING PREGNANCY WITH ITS COMPLICATIONS AND THERAPEUTIC INTERVENTIONS

Soffia Mary J.*, Jeya Ananthi J., Arumugavignesh M., Jessica P. and Nandhini SR

ABSTRACT

Anemia is one of the most frequent complications that is prevalent among pregnant women. Anemia is clinically manifested by decreased count of red blood cells and decreased level of serum hemoglobin. Anemia ultimately leads to poor oxygen carrying capacity of blood. According to World Health Organization’s criteria, pregnant women whose haemoglobin levels less than 11.0 g/dl during first and third trimesters and less than 10.5 g/dl during the second trimester are said to be anaemic. Increase in plasma volume during pregnancy plays a significant role as the etiology for anaemia during pregnancy. Iron deficiency and folic acid deficiency anaemia are the common types of gestational anaemia. Moreover iron and folic acid requirements are peaked during pregnancy. In order to prevent or mitigate the complications of anaemia in pregnancy, iron and folic acid supplements are necessitated. Further folic acid is supportive in preventing neural tube defects in infants. The main objective of this review is to emphasise the causes and pathogenesis of different types of gestational anaemia with their respective therapeutic options to treat and mitigate. It also sheds light towards the maternal and foetal complications of anaemia in pregnancy.

Keywords: Anemia, Pregnancy, Iron deficiency, Folic acid deficiency, Neural tube defects.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )