RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY AND ITS APPLICATIONS: A REVIEW
Shivangi Singh*, Dr. Rohit Mohan, Dr. Amit K. Srivastava, Dr. Amresh Gupta, Dr. Pritt Verma and Neelam Verma
Biotechnology which is synonymous with genetic engineering or recombinant DNA (rDNA) is an industrial process that uses the scientific research on DNA for practical applications. rDNA is a form of artificial DNA that is made through the combination or insertion of one or more DNA strands. It offered new opportunities for innovations to produce a wide range of therapeutic products with immediate effect in the medical genetics and biomedicine by modifying microorganisms, animals, and plants to yield medically useful substances. Recombinant DNA technology is playing a vital role in improving health conditions by developing new vaccines and pharmaceuticals. This review gives brief introduction to rDNA and its applications in various fields.
Keywords: Chimeric DNA, restriction enzymes, Transgenic Plants, Gene Therapy.
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