EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY ON DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN IN RESPIRATORY TRACT INFECTION IN A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Dr. Joga Sasidhar*, Madhu Kumari, Jyothi Alex and Meghana B. H.

ABSTRACT

Background: Respiratory tract infections are major cause of morbidities and mortality particularly in patients at the extreme of age, and those with pre-existing lung disease or immune suppression. In India, acute respiratory tract infections are responsible for 1 million deaths. Out of these 10-15% is due to acute lower respiratory tract infection. Drug utilization research is the study of marketing, distribution, prescription and use of drug in a society with special emphasis on the resulting medical, social and economic consequences. Objectives: To evaluate the prescribing pattern given to patients admitted with respiratory tract infections in general medicine department and to assess the rationality of these prescriptions given in our hospital using WHO core drug prescribing indicators. Methods and Methodology: It was a retrospective study. The study period was about 6 months and the relevant data was collected from in patient records. Result: A total of 180 prescriptions were collected from general medicine department and analysed for demographic characteristics, disease proportion, and prescribing pattern. Males were more (55.5%) compared to females (44.4%). Majority patients belonged to age group 18-30 years (28.8%). Our most common respiratory infections found in study population were LRTI with comorbidities (57.3%) followed by common cold (11.11%). 1068 drugs were found in 180 cases among which supportive therapy (30.6%) was mostly given followed by antibiotics (23.5%). Cephalosporins were most commonly prescribed antibiotics followed by Amikacin. Most commonly prescribed dosage form were injections. Conclusion: Most of the drugs prescribed were included in the WHO essential drug list, India 2019. It is the responsibility of the clinical pharmacist to perform the periodical drug utilization studies in order to know the drug prescribing pattern and also to know the prevalent disease condition at particular point of time.

Keywords: Prescribing pattern of respiratory tract infection, Antibiotics.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )