IMMUNOCHROMATOGRAPHIC TEST FOR MALARIA SCREENING IN SUDANESE BLOOD DONORS – WAD MADANI – GEZIRA STATE
Asad Adam Abbas*, Sarah Tasheen, Abeer Dafa Alla, Yasir Hakim and Abdalla Dafalla Khalid
Objectives: To detect the prevalence of malaria parasite among Sudanese blood donors. To detect the antigen of plasmodium Falciparum and plasmodium vivax among Sudanese blood donors. To perform Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) for blood donors using SD Bioline Malaria Ag P.f./Pan. Material and Methods: Venous blood samples were taken from 100 apparently healthy male donors, aseptically by standard phlebotomy technique by trained phlebotomist from each patient and dispensed in to tri-potassium Ethylenediamine tetra-acetic acid (K3 EDTA) anticoagulant containers about 10-15 minutes after the hemodialysis. Results: The study revealed that 3 blood donors (3%) were positive for malaria parasite 2 blood donors with plasmodium Falciparum (2%) and 1 donor with plasmodium vivax (1%). Conclusion: The study revealed that a significant number of blood donors with positive rapid diagnostic test.
Keywords: Malaria, Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium vivax, Blood transfusion.
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