( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Abdelwadoud Mohamed Elfatih, Mohammed Abdulhameed Alsayed, Osman Mohammed Elmahi*,
Husam Eldin Omer and Hisham Ali Waggiallah


This is a prospective descriptive cross sectional study. The study is designated as a hospital based study conducted in cytology section. Two hundred and forty four cytological specimens of pleural effusion were collected. Cell blocks and smears were processed and cytological and ICC stains were applied. Haematoxylin and Eosin, Pap stains were used for cytological examination. A panel of six antibodies consisting of cytokeratin 5/6, Calretinin, CA125, CEA, Thyroid transcription factor-1, and CD-10 were used. Patients participated on study population consisted of 136 males and 108 females. There were 244 patients with pleural effusion, 136 males and 108 females. The mean age was 47 with standard deviation 17.4, the minimum age was 1 year and the maximum was 80. According to the age we classified the patients into four groups of ages. There is a pivotal role of cytological diagnosis in detection of different pathological conditions of pleural effusions. Immunocytochemistry is an effective method that has considerable importance in improving the diagnostic accuracy of conventional cytology of pleural effusion. Cancer antigen 125 (CA 125) is reliable and effective marker for the identification of malignant cells in pleural effusions especially in suspicious cases Regardless of the histological types of malignancies. CEA was found to be a useful marker in the differentiation of metastatic adenocarcinoma in pleural effusions.TTF-1 was found to be a useful marker in the differentiation of metastatic adenocarcinoma in pleural effusions particularly in case of lung cancer or cancers of gastrointestinal tract.

Keywords: Cancerous cells, Cytomorphological, Effusions, Immunocytochemical.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia