CELIAC DISEASE ASSOCIATED WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
Sharifah D. A. Al Issa, *Nasir A. M. Al Jurayyan, Abdullah N.A. Aljurayyan, Amir MI Babiker,
Hessah MN Al Otaibi and Asaad MA Assiri
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrinopathy. A retrospective, hospital-based study during the period January 1995 and December 2012 was conducted on a cohort of 305 Saudi children and adolescents, 163 (53.4%), were females and 142 (46.6%) males. Sixty-two (20.3%) patients were referred to a pediatric gastroenterologist, 26 (8.5%) patients, were proved to have CD. Further, 36 (11.8%) patients were considered potential CD. In conclusion, the prevalence of celiac disease in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus in this study is considered to be among the highest reported, (20.3%). A specialized follow-up and dietary counselling are essential in the management of patient’s affected by both type 1 diabetes and CD.
Keywords: Children, adolescents, celiac disease, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, prevalence, Saudi Arabia.
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