EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EVALUATION OF ANKLE BRACHIAL PRESSURE INDEX IN DRIVERS WITH UNCOMPLICATED DIABETES

*Dr. Nazia Farha, MD Physiology and Dr. Praveena Kumari Kadiri, MD Physiology

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an endocrine disorder in which increased blood glucose levels either due to deficiency of insulin or its resistance which is the leading causes of mortality and morbidity. Peripheral arterial disease (PAD) and diabetes mellitus are highly correlated. Ankle brachial index (ABI) is a simple test used to detect PAD. It is the ratio of Ankle systolic blood pressures to arm systolic blood pressure. Heavy vehicle drivers may suffer from pain at back, legs, arms and hands caused by uncomfortable seating for long times. It may predispose to stasis of blood and lead to occlusion of vessels of lower limbs. The primary aim of this study was to determine the ABI in heavy vehicle drivers with diabetes and without type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methodology: This cross-sectional study was conducted in ACSR Medical college Nellore from March 2019 to September 2019. All the subjects were recruited from RTC depot, Nellore, Andhra Pradesh with in a age group of 40-60 years. Ankle brachial pressure index derived from systolic BPs measured in the arms and legs after 10 minutes of rest in a supine position with arms and legs straight and at rest. Arm BPs were measured using a sphygmomanometer and a stethoscope whereas and leg BPs were measured with a phygmomanometer and an 8 MHz Doppler to detect pulses. Left ABI was calculated in a similar way. The lower ratio of either side was considered the participant’s overall ABI. Results: P VALUE IS 0.553, greater than 0.05, so the association is not statistically significant. Conclusion: There is no statistically significant variation of ABI Index values between diabetic and non-diabetic heavy vehicle drivers.

Keywords: Ankle brachial pressure index, PAD.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )