PREVALENCE OF RISK FACTORS FOR NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES AND ASSESSMENT OF CARDIOVASCULAR RISK LEVEL USING WHO/ISH RISK PREDICTION CHARTS IN A SOUTH INDIAN DISTRICT
Dr. Praveena Daya A.* and Dr. Karthikeyan G.
Introduction: Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) kill around 41 million people, equivalent to 71% of all deaths occurring globally each year and among them mortality due to cardiovascular diseases are high. Objectives and Methodology: A cross-sectional study was done among 251 study participants from two urban areas in a South Indian district of Tamilnadu to describe the burden of risk factors for Non-communicable diseases and to assess the cardiovascular risk using WHO/ISH risk prediction chart. Results: Forty nine out of 251 participants were tobacco users and 31 (12.4%) of them are daily smokers, 43 (17.1%) consumed alcohol, 99 participants consumed fruits 2 days in a week followed by 59 consuming fruits 3 days in a week and 37 persons consumed 1 day in the past week, 67 (26.7%) consumed vegetables daily while 10 (4%) consumed them only one day in the last week, 26 (10.4%) were involved in vigorous activities and 41 (16.3%) were involved in moderate intensity activities. Among the 251 participants, 123 participants (49%) have a risk of <10% while 8 participants (3.2%) have a risk of >40%. 69 (27.5%) have a risk of 10-<20%, 21 (8.4%) have a risk of 20-<30% and 26 (10.4%) have a risk of 30-<40%. Conclusion: Health education and screening campaigns to increase the awareness among the people for prevention and control of the disease can help in reduction of the burden of morbidity and mortality due to non communicable diseases.
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