MAGNIFICATION SYSTEMS IN PERIODONTAL MICROSURGERIES
Rupali G. Shastri* and Mangesh B. Phadnaik
Periodontal surgeries are the fruits of craftsmanship of the periodontists, with magnification systems being incorporated in the procedures enhancing the end-point appearances of the crafts. Like other surgeries, periodontal surgeries may also result into patient anxiety, discomfort, and post-surgical morbidities, along with clinical complications like delayed wound healing or microbial infections of the surgical sites. To overcome these possibilities, the science of surgery evolved into the concept of microsurgery, wherein the surgeries are performed in higher illumination and under greater magnifications. The magnification systems that have been reported in the literature of periodontology are the simple, compound, and prism loupes and the more complicated yet efficient surgical microscopes, with each of them having their own advantages and disadvantages. Due to higher resolution of the sites to the microscopic depths, the surgical motions shift from being guided proprioceptively to visually. This enhances the accuracy by permitting incision and flap reflection mappings more precisely, along with a tensionless wound healing with primary intention. This review focuses on the development and application of the various magnification systems feasible for use in periodontal microsurgeries, further refocusing the areas of potential research in the subject.
Keywords: Magnification systems, Surgical microscope, Loupes, Periodontal microsurgeries.
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