EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

COMPARISON OF THE CLEANUP OF REMNANT BONDING ADHESIVE FROM THE ENAMEL SURFACE AFTER DEBONDING USING CARBIDE BUR WITH AND WITHOUT ILLUMINATED LIGHT FROM PALATAL TOOTH SURFACE UNDER DRY AND WET CONDITIONS

*Mushahid Hasan, Pradeep Raghav, Dr. Ashutosh Wadhawan, C. Munish Reddy, Amit Khera, Dr. Prashant Sharma

ABSTRACT

Introduction: During fixed mechanotherapy, the bonded brackets can be removed by various methods which leave varying amounts of adhesive remnants on the enamel surface. Various techniques have been designed to achieve satisfactory composite removal with minimal iatrogenic damage to enamel surface. It include pliers and scalers, sandpaper discs, diamond burs stones, ultrasonic instruments and tungsten carbide burs. However, most of these studies rely on quality assurance of finishing procedures performed on the teeth, without estimating time required and the amount of adhesive remnant left after the finishing procedures. So, the main aim of this article was to compare the cleanup of bonding adhesive remnant from the surface of enamel after debonding using carbide bur with blue illuminated light on tooth surface under dry and wet conditions. Methods: An invitro experimental study consisted of four groups of 10 samples in each group. The metal brackets were pressed with the help of force gauge applying a horizontal pressure of 2 ounces using Transbond XT as an adhesive. Debonding of brackets was done using debonding plier in all the groups (Dry, Wet, Dry with Light and Wet with Light). After debonding, Surface reconditioning of enamel surface was performed using finishing tungsten carbide bur followed by polishing with soflex discs. Direct visual analysis analysis was done aftersive removal and after polishing. Enamel surface topography was evaluated using scanning electron microscope. Results: It was found that direct visual analysis and SEM (scanning electron microscope) analysis after adhesive removal, each group showed the presence of soft marks and few evident marks on the enamel surface. It also found that there was significant (p < 0.05) reduction of soft marks after polishing and evident marks were seen in dry condition with blue illuminated light. A statistically significant difference (p < 0.05) was seen in time analysis while comparing all the groups (D, W, DL and WL). Conclusion: When comparing both the conditions (dry and wet) with or without illuminated light; the dry condition with illuminated light provided better adhesive removal, also a significant reduction in the soft and evident marks were seen. Also, the application of auxiliary blue illuminated light reduces the chair side time during polishing.

Keywords: Debonding, Adhesive Removal, Scannng Electron Microscope, Enamel Damage, Surface Roughness, Enamel Scars.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia