( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Laigy Mariam Mathias, Dr. Leemol Lalu and Dr. Mable Marion*


Healthcare associated infection (HAI) is localized or systemic condition resulting from adverse reaction to the presence of infectious agent or its toxins acquired from healthcare settings that was not incubating or symptomatic at the time of admission to the healthcare facility. HAI is increasingly becoming a major global public health problem posing great threat to patient safety and wellbeing of healthcare providers. HAIs include Surgical Site Infections(SSI), Ventilator Associated Pneumonia(VAP), Central Line Associated Blood Stream Infections (CLABSI), Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infections(CAUTI), Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA), clostridium difficile infections. HAIs have significant consequences on patients, their families, and the community as a whole. The most common consequences of HAIs are increased morbidity, mortality, and length of hospitalization. Such consequences contribute substantially to raise both the direct and indirect cost of the health care services, which result in additional costs to treat infected cases. Infection control in hospitals and their ICUs is extremely challenging. Infection control professionals (ICPs) play a critical role in leading HAI-reduction interventions, and are responsible for the implementation and ongoing management of such interventions across hospitals and their ICUs. Proper education and training of health care workers increases compliance with and adoption of best practices to prevent HAIs. Despite the development of many hi-tech methods, hand washing with soap and water or alcohol rub is still the most important means of maintaining personal hygiene and preventing HCAIs. We performed a MEDLINE search using combination of keywords such as hospital associated infection, ventilator associated pneumonia, surgical site infections, central line associated blood stream infections, intensive care units. We reviewed the relevant publications with regard to VAP, SSI and CLABSI. We selected 35 relevant publications with some important cross references from the list of publications. The aim of this review conducted was to estimate the incidence, the major related risk factors, outcomes for acquiring VAP, SSI and CLABSI in various hospitals. This helps to provide a standardized tool for hospitals to identify target areas for quality improvement.

Keywords: HAI is increasingly becoming a major global public health problem posing great threat to patient safety and wellbeing of healthcare providers.

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  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia