A CONCEPTUAL REVIEW OF LITERTURE OF ABHISHYANDA W.S.R. TO SHALAKYATANTRA
Santosh S. Kakde, Rajkumar V. Andhalkar, Siddheshwar Balkrushna Vaidya, Ankush Dattatraya Khedkar*, Nilam Siddheshwar Vaidya and Dipak Shrikrushna Kathwate
Ayueveda, the science of healthy living. And it is the most rational and scientific among the ancient system of Medicine. Being an eternal science, Ayurveda is the „science of human life‟ deals with physical, physiological as well as spiritual well being of an individual. Shalakyatantra, one among the 8 branches of Ayurveda, deals with precious sense organs and the diseases affecting them and their management. Acharya Nimi is considerd as the exfounder of this branch of ayurveda. Acharya Sushruta is the only person who explained the Ophthalmology and ENT in a systemic manner in uttartantra portion. Acharya Sushruta‟s eighteen chapters are devoted for Netra rogas & rest of the ENT disorders are described in another eight chapters. The word Abhishyanda is used in Ayurvedic literature in different contexts. In Shalakyatantra, this word indicates the name of a disease as well as a peculiar disease process. Abhishyanda is one among the seventeen types of Sarvagata Netra Roga explained in the classics. The word-meaning of Abhishyanda is oozing, flowing or trickling. Syanda means oozing. The prefix „Abhi‟ means to or towards. It also means great and excessive. So “Abhishyanda” means “excessive oozing”. It reflects a stage of losing stability. It is of four types Vataja, Pittaja, Kaphaja and Raktaja.
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