RATE OF PERTUSSIS DISEASE AMONG IRAQ POPULATION. A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY DURING 2016 TO 2019
Dr. Abdul Sattar Sahib Hamed*
Whooping cough is a highly contagious disease that only spreads between humans. This study aimed to identify the rate of whooping cough disease among cases during the studied period. A retrospective cross sectional study was carried out at the Life Statistics Center of the Iraqi Ministry of Health within 4 years, started from 2016 up to 2019. During this period, the study samples were 4262. Data was entered to Excel sheet and the STATA software program was used to analyze this data and make tables and graphs. Out of 4262 cases, there are 49.8% were male cases and 50.2% were female male. The highest frequency 34.2% of studied sample occurred during 2017 followed by 23.8% during 2016 and the less frequency19.1% during 2019. 68.4% of studied samples with pertussis occurred in the age less than 5 years .There are a significant relationship between age groups and gender by years at the p. value less than 0.05. The rate of pertussis disease was higher during 2017. We need to widespread use of the vaccine, it has had a clear effect on lowering infection rates in some countries, which almost reach zero in some areas where the vaccine coverage reaches 100%.
Keywords: Pertussis disease, Rate, Gender, Iraq, Retrospective study.
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