A REVIEW ARTICLE ON ANATOMICAL ASPECT OF PERINEUM AND THE EFFECT OF YOGASANAS AND EXERCISES ON IT.
Manisha Kishanrao Dawre, Divya Deepak Varma* and Snehal Shivaji Jadhav
Perineum is an important part of the lesser pelvis that contains the external genitalia. It consist of urogenital triangle and anal triangle. It contains various muscle which help in different functions such as constriction of anus , urethra and vagina, resist an increase in intra -abdominal pressure and also support and maintain the pelvic viscera. The muscles of perineum may get weak due to various reasons such as chronic constipation, pregnancy, child birth , obesity and prostate surgeries .Weak muscles may cause incontinence of urine or stool , leaking of urine on coughing and laughing and can also lead to pelvic organ prolapse. In order to keep the muscles of perineum toned or to regain its lost tonicity various asanas and exercises can be helpful. These asanas and exercises help the muscle to regain its tone and function properly.
Keywords: Perineum, Yogasanas.
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