SURGICAL TREATMENT OF IDIOPATHIC SCOLIOSIS IN ADOLESCENTS
Kholov Z. S., Saliev M. M. and *Kadirov S. S.
Scoliosis is a disease, the main symptom of which is the formation of a multiplanar deformity of the spine, leading component of which is the curvature of the spine in the frontal plane with pathological rotation and structural torsion of the vertebrae, irreversible degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs, ligaments and surrounding muscles.
Scoliosis is a severe progressive disease of the spine, accompanied by impairment of the internal organs and the nervous system (A.C. Coumbourlis, 2006; P. Pialasseetal., 2012). Scoliosis progresses with physical disability and deep mental suffering occurs due to large cosmetic defects (Tomaszewski and Magdalena Janowska Psychologica, 2012; Dagmar Reichel and Juliane Schanz, 2003). The disease causes a gross multiplanar curvature of the spinal column, which consequently disfigures the patient's torsio, disrupts the function of the heart and lungs, and leads to disability (J.WSkubic, J. PKostuik, PB. Suh, PSalo, 2009). It is investigated, that scoliosis affects the cardiovascular, respiratory, urinary systems and the gastrointestinal tract, the nervous system, which led to the statement of the term "scoliotic disease".
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