EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICES AMONG PATIENTS WITH HYPOTHYROIDISM IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL AT PONDICHERRY

Dr. Rahul Singh and Dr. S. Vithiavathi*

ABSTRACT

Objective: The main objective of the study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) among hypothyroid subjects. Methods: This was a questionnaire based KAP cross sectional study among 100 subjects who fulfilled the inclusion criteria in a tertiary hospital after obtaining consent and ethical clearance. Results: Among the 100 subjects the mean age was 41.42±14.6 with a female predominance of 87%. The educational status was collected and it was noticed that majority of the subjects, 62% were literates and rest were illiterates. 60% had correct knowledge about the shape of the thyroid gland. Knowledge about the effects of hypothyroidism like weight gain was most correctly identified by 79% subjects 70%, 69%, and 60% of subjects could correctly identify fatigue, muscle aches/pain, and dry skin, respectively. Only 48% and 43% correctly identified cold intolerance and constipation respectively.48% of subjects had no knowledge that iodine deficiency may cause hypothyroidism. 85% subjects had knowledge that hypothyroidism is treatable. 64%–92% had agreement on all the statements in the attitude domain. 91% complied with their medications. Nevertheless, 30.6% responded that they occasionally skip medications. Regular TSH levels were done by 81.6% of subjects. A good number of subjects (55.8%) did neither look for information from online sources neither did they (22.7%) seek additional information from their doctors/medical personals. Conclusion: Satisfactory results were obtained whereas the need to increase awareness and to educate the patients in all the aspects about hypothyroidism is very much necessary.

Keywords: Knowledge, Attitude, Practice, Hypothyroidism and Awareness.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )