EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF SELF-MEDICATION DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A QUESTIONNAIRE BASED STUDY

*Hritika Sharma, Anant D. Patil and Tanusri Tetarbe

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication during COVID-19 pandemic Material and methods: In this cross-sectional study, knowledge, awareness and practices about self-medication during COVID-19 pandemic were recorded among adult population. Prevalence of self-medication during last 3 months was calculated. Results: A total of 630 participants (mean age 22.04 years; 69.21% females and 87.78% students) were included. A total of 106 (16.83%) study participants consumed medication without a prescription from qualified doctor in the last 3 months. Mean age of participants who consumed medications was significantly higher than those who did not consume self-medication [27.25 (+10.79) v/s 21.18 (+3.75); p<0.001]. The difference between male and female participants who consumed self-medication was statistically significant (p=0.0087). A total of 96 (90.57%) consumed allopathic medication and 103 (97.16%) used oral medicines. Common causes of self-medication included pain 56 (53.8%), menstrual problem 22 (20.8%), muscle cramp 21 (19.8%), fever 20 (18.9%) and abdominal pain/burn/acidity 19 (17.9%). A total of 102 (96.22%) reported improvement in symptoms after self-medication and 5 (4.71%) reported side effects. Two important reasons cited by study participants for self-medication included minor health problem 70 (66%) and easy availability of medicines at the medical store 44 (41.5%). According to 422 (66.98%) study participants, penalty for self-medication should be based on the type of drug consumed. Conclusion: A total of 16.83% study participants consumed self-medication during previous three months. Increased awareness about self-medication is community is important to avoid complications associated with self-medication.

Keywords: Awareness, COVID-19, general population, self-medication.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )