TO STUDY THE PREVELANCE OF VULVOVAGINAL INFECTION AND SPECIES SPECICIFIC DISTRIBUTION OF VULVOVAGINAL CANDIDIASIS IN CENTRAL INDIA
Sanjo Gupta* and Dr. Hemant B. Gadekar
Introduction-. Vulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is an opportunistic mucosal fungal infection in addition to the second most common vaginal infection affecting women of reproductive age. Risk factor releated data are very limited in India. Objective-A cross section study was performed to study the prevelance of vulvovaginal candida infection and species specific distribution of Vulvovaginal candidiasis. Methodology – A total no of 200 patients in the reproductive age group (18-49 years) fulfilling the clinical criteria of Vulvovaginitis are included in this study. 3 high vaginal swabs were collected. One swab was used for KOH wet mount, 2nd used for gram staining and the 3rd swab was used for culture on Sabouraud's dextrose agar and incubated aerobically at 37 °C for 48 hours. Result & Conclusion A total of 200 high vaginal swab were collected. Prevelance of vulvovaginal candidiasis was found to be (33%) characteristics, morphology on corn meal agar, germ tube and chlamydospore formation, fermentation and assimilation reactions was C. albicans (36.6%) followed by C. tropicalis (24.2%) , C. tropcalis(21.%), C. dublinensis (9%), C. parapsilosis (6%) & C. Krusei (2%).
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