BIO- FERTILIZER- KEY TO SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURE IN MP
*Dr. Mukesh Kumar Napit
The Bundelkhand region of north India is encompassed by two states, i.e., M.P. and U.P. Its greater part falls in M.P. covering 5 district viz, Damoh, Sagar, Chhatarpur, Tikamgarh and Panna. Its terrain being rocky has reduced water level, and due to this, the area has much irrigation potentiality. With a view to meet this demand of the region M.P. state irrigation department is giving greater importance to the development of irrigation projects in Bundelkhand region. Accordingly, many major, medium and minor irrigation reservoirs are constructed. Indiscriminate use of synthetic fertilizers has led to the pollution and contamination of the soil, has polluted water basins, destroyed microorganisms and making the crop more prone to diseases and reduced soil fertility. Bio fertilizers are one of the best modern tools and a gift of our modern agricultural science Bio- fertilizers are applied in the agricultural field as a replacement to our conventional fertilizes. In MP the availability and affordability of fossil fuel based chemical fertilizers at the farm level have been ensured only through imports and subsidies. Today bio-fertilizers have emerged as highly potent alternative to chemical fertilizers due to their eco-friendly, easy to apply, non toxic and cost effective also they make nutrients that are naturally abundant in soil and atmosphere, usable for plants and act as supplements to agrochemicals This paper underline achievements/disappointments issues in Indian context and for its future in India emphasizes the need for high degree of Innovation and active participation in scientific research and development, public awareness programme to enhance the extra potential of sustainable agriculture.
Keywords: Bio-fertilizers, Organic farming, Crop growth, Sustainability.
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