EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PAIN CONTROL IN CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY AND ENDODONTICS – AN UPDATED REVIEW

*Shreya Shivangi, Ananya Guha, Richa Pandharikar, Rahul D. Rao, Meenakshi Verma and Ashish K. Jain

ABSTRACT

Understanding pain for better management is very crucial for any healthcare practitioner. Dental pain can be caused by several factors and can be of different types. The first step for managing dental pain is acquiring an accurate diagnosis. Assessment of pain is done using rating scales like Visual Analog scales and in the form of Questionnaires. Once diagnosis is made, there are various options that can be used alone or in combination for better management of pain. Unless the underlying cause of pain is removed none of the methods of pain control would work. There are many pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches for relieving dental pain. Dental Anxiety can also lower threshold of pain in patients for which behavioural management should be attempted. Premedication before administering anaesthesia has also shown to make management of pain easier. The keystone of pain management is prescribing analgesics like NSAIDS, aspirin, and few opioids like morphine. Another method commonly used is the use of anaesthetics which can be given either topically or in injectable forms. Analgesia or conscious sedation can help overcome dental phobia and is used profoundly in children. Other alternative methods like hypnosis, acupuncture and audio-analgesia have also proven to be efficient for pain management. Recently, lasers have been studied for pain control too. Use of virtual reality for distraction methods has also shown to be effective. Various time-honoured home remedies are also used for the management of pain. Therefore, one must understand that approach to pain management is multidimensional.

Keywords: Anaesthetics, Analgesics, Dental pain, Endodontics, Home remedies, Pain Management.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 April 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR: APRIL ISSUE PUBLISHED

    APRIL Issue has been successfully launched on 1 April 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )