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Priyanka Kashyap (P.G Scholar) and Dr. Ashok Kumar Dwivedi*


Ayurved is a science of life which can be taken as a vast sea of knowledge, which till date has not been fully explored or known. As gyan of Ayurved was given in „Sutra roopa’ by Acharyas, many topics and concepts in Ayurvedic classics are hidden or under cover. One of such topic is Indriya and Indriya-adhishthan. There are total „Ekadash Indriyas’ mentioned in texts, out of which five are Karmendyiyas, five are Gyanendriyas and one Manas which is known to be Ubhayatmaka. Acharya Charak has told five types of Gyanendriyas- Sparshanendriya, Chakshurendriya, Ghranendriya, Rasanendriya and Shravanendriya. He also described their sites, functions, compositions and properties. Out of these five Gyanendriyas, the Sparshanendriya is vyapaka and foremost seen. Twak/ Twacha or Skin is the largest organ of the body which covers the whole body and is Adhishthan (seat) of Sparshanendriya. Structurally it has got many layers according to Ayurved and Modern Science but when we talk about Sparshanendriya, it is a matter of concern that which layer or special structure is there in twak which can be considered as Sparshanendriya. It can be opined that Ayurvedic concept related to Indriya needs to be explored through research to provide evidence based information related to Indriya Sharir. Present paper is an effort made to compile and analyse the knowledge present in Ayurvedic classics about ‘Twak Sharir with special reference to Sparshanendriya’ and correlate it with modern science for better understanding of the subject.

Keywords: Indriya, Gyanendriya, Twak, Sparshanendriya.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia