COVID-19: TRANSMISSION, DIAGNOSIS, PREVENTION, TREATMENT.
Ramveer Maurya*, Sanni Gangwar, Manoj Kumar, Uday Prakash and Dr. Atul Kumar
In late December 2019, Chinese health authorities reported an outbreak of pneumonia of unknown origin in Wuhan, Hubei Province. A few days later, the genome of a novel coronavirus was, and made publicly available to the scientific community. This novel coronavirus was provisionally named 2019-nCoV, now SARS-CoV-2 according to the Coronavirus Study Group of the International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses. SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the Coronaviridae family, Betacoronavirus genus, subgenus Sarbecovirus. Since its discovery, the virus has spread globally, causing thousands of deaths and having an enormous impact on our health systems and economies. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge about the epidemiology, phylogenesis, homology modeling, and molecular diagnostics of SARS-CoV-2. Thus, the aim of this article is to provide a brief overview of the epidemiology, symptoms, and routes of transmission of this novel infection. In addition, specific recommendations for dental practice are suggested for patient screening, infection control strategies, and patient management protocol.
Keywords: Coronavirus, COVID-19, endodontics, severe acute respiratory syndrome , coronavirus 2, SARS-CoV-2.
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