OTOLARYNGOLOGICAL DISEASES AMONG PAEDIATRIC POPULATION ATTENDING ENT OPD
Dr. Golam Haider Md Shahidul Haque* and Dr. Md. Sirajul Islam Mondol, Dr. Md. Shafiul Akram and Dr. Md. Jakir Hossain
Background: Ear diseases are common in children mainly due to altered anatomy of Eustachian tube which is straighter in children as compared to that in adults. However, the cause of hearing loss in children is more varied, including the etiologies. This study was done to find out the pattern of ear diseases in paediatric age group attending ear, nose and throat OPD in a tertiary care centre in Bangladesh. Objective: There is lack of data on paediatric ENT diseases in our country and their consequences. This study was undertaken to determine the hospital prevalence of ENT diseases among paediatric population. Materials and method: This is an observational study which included 430 children presenting with ENT problem in the Department of ENT OPD, in a Tertiary Care Centre at Dhaka, Bangladesh from January 2017 to December 2018. Results: The current study was conducted among children aged 0-15 years attending ENT OPD with common otolaryngological problems. Prevalence of ENT disease was more common among male children (52.79%) mostly belonging to 0-5 years (male 48% and female 39%). Vast majority of these children belonged to lower middle-class family (53%) with inadequacy of basic health care needs. Diseases of the throat (41.04%) were most common followed by ear problems (38.77%) and nasal diseases (20.19%). Conclusion: So clinical specialists who regularly manage these issues can assume a significant part in making mindfulness among the guardians how to survive or when to look for clinical assistance and accordingly decrease the commonness of horribleness these normal ENT issues produce.
Keywords: Population; ENT diseases, otolaryngological.
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