EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CONNEXION OF SUN LIGHT EXPOSURE, USE OF PHOTOSENSITIZING SUBSTANCES AND SUBJECT’S PRACTICES, WITH THE DEVELOPMENT AND SEVERITY OF COVID-19 DISEASE

*Dr. Tehzeeb Zehra, Dr Shahzad Khan Siddique, Dr. Wajahat Sultan Baig, Dr. Faisal Bacha, Dr. Rahila Aamir and Dr. Adil Mahmood

ABSTRACT

Back ground &Objective: Concerning the prevention and management of corona virus disease, many modalities have been in trial. Effect of sun light and related themes are also under discussion in this regard with no definite proof. With the same intention we have combined the three parameters in our research so to observe the correlation of sun light exposure, use of photosensitizing substances and subject’s practices with the development and severity of covid-19 disease. Materials and methods: Covid-19 PCR positive patients were included in the study as cases, while gender matched house mate as controls. Study subjects were divided in two groups. In group 1 cases were diseased while controls were not diseased. In group 2 cases were having more symptoms and control with less symptoms. Results: Male Gender, higher education and being married affected the occurrence of disease while older age affected both the occurrence and severity. Good Sun exposure at work place was more seen in the controls of disease occurrence while direct sun exposure per week >100 minute was more frequent in the controls of both groups. DM (Diabetes Mellitus) was more common in cases of disease occurrence group while HTN (hypertension) was more common in cases of disease severity group. OAD (obstructive airway disease) was seen more in controls of disease occurrence group. Use of ACEi (angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor) was more common in cases of disease occurrence group while use of ARB (angiotensin receptor blocker) was found more common in cases of disease severity group. Intercity travel, and history of attending the gathering was more in cases of disease occurrence group. Conclusion: Sun exposure prevented the disease occurrence and severity, OAD prevented the disease occurrence, DM, ACEi, gatherings and intercity travels were related to disease occurrence, HTN and ARB were related to disease severity.

Keywords: corona disease occurrence, corona disease severity, role of sun light in corona.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )