CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONY DISEASE (COPD) IN ANCIENT ROME
Dr. Valentine J. Belfiglio*
Roman and American physicians treated chronic obstructive pulmonic disease (COPD) with similar protocols.
Methodology: Historiography and conceptual analysis of the writings of physicians in ancient and modern times.
Results: Ancient and modern physicians used a similar protocol for the diagnosis of COPD. This protocol
included: (1) subjective information from the patients, (2) the objective findings of physicians, (3) assessment of
these findings and their correlation with other patients with similar subjective and objective data, (4) formulating a
treatment plan. They also used a similar protocol for treatment of COPD. This protocol included: (1) Mitigation,
(2) Treatment of symptoms, and (3) Treatment with. Bronchodilators anti-inflammatory medicines. Conclusion:
Roman and American physicians treated COPD with similar protocols. The change involves modern
immunizations, assessments, and advanced therapies unknown to the ancient Romans.,
Keywords: Pandemic, Active Immunity, Passive Immunity, Protocol, Ancient Rome.
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