ENDEMIC ERRATIC INFECTION CRIMEAN-CONGO HAEMORRHAGIC FEVER (CCHF) NOW IN MAHARASHTRA: AN EPHEMERAL REVIEW
Syed Ayesha Fatema*, Dr. Jaleel Ahmed Siddiqui and Jyoti Pathare Randil
Rationale and Objectives: Although in India Maharashtra remains sternly affected by the Covid-19 infection since March 2020; anxiety of spread of another disease, Crimean-Congo haemorrhagic fever (CCHF), in Palghar district of Maharashtra, has put the stakeholders of health sciences on its toes. Hence present Research has been accomplished as a way aboard to explore the standpoint of the disease CCHF into the scientific intuition of the epidemic diseases with the focus to uncover concrete information and solution to control the CCHF endemic in Maharashtra, India. Methodology: Present descriptive study, accomplished at ZVMUMC Hospital, Pune. Several classical and Modern texts then published papers in various legendary indexed journals have been reviewed to understand CCHF’s epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical standpoints, management, complication and vector facts etc. Review of Literature: CCHF is a fatal, acute, tick-borne viral, zoonotic infection associated with high mortality, having diagnostic features of haemorrhage, myalgia, and fever, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, anemia, increased hematocrit, elevated liver biochemicals, and findings consistent with disseminated intravascular coagulation, eminently diagnosed with IgG ELISA an IgM serology, immunofluorescence and quantitative reverse transcription Polymerase chain reaction. Isolation is mandatory and Oral ribavirin is the first line of treatment. Live attenuated vaccines are still under study for CCHF. Conclusion: Defining Strategies for understanding and treatment protocols for the diagnosis and management, Isolation, and Intensive care of CCHF patients, is pronounced utmost necessity of present time.
Keywords: Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (Cchf), Endemic, Maharashtra, India, Palghar, Congo Fever, Vector Born Disease.
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