( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. AKM Faizul Hoque*, Dr. Ashfaqul Islam, Dr. Dabasis Kumar, Dr. Farida Khan, Dr. Jeevan Pacchad, Dr. Ranjan Kumar Nath


Low flow anesthesia technique was first introduced by by Foldes in 1952 now it is going popularity across the globe due to availability of modern anesthetic machine, pollution free and economical. This study was designed to find any difference between high flow and low general anesthesia using halothane as an anesthetic during laparoscopic cholecystectomy in adult. Observe and compare the hemodynamic and respiratory effects under high flow general anesthesia and low flow general anesthesia in laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Materials and Method: a prospective randomized single-blind comparative study total 68 patients of 25 - 40 years old ASA I/ II scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated into two equal groups by an online based software generated randomization divided the patients into two equal group assigned; high flow general anesthesia (6L/minute, group A n=17) and Low flow general anesthesia (3L/minutes, group A n=17) technique. A standardized checking of anesthetic machine fitted with a leak-proof circle breathing system with CO2 absorber and absorbent and calibration of vaporizer were carried before induction for every cases. During surgery heart rate, blood pressure percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen (SpO2) and end tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2) were carefully recorded. ABG analysis was done after intubation and immediate before extubation. Recovery time after extubation were also recorded. Conclusions: There were no difference between high-flow anesthesia and low -flow halothane anesthesia technique on the hemodynamics, oxygen saturation and ETCO2 level. pulmonary functions are comparable to high-flow halothane anesthesia in patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

Keywords: SpO2, EtCO2.

[Full Text Article]




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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia