( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Ramesh Kaundal, Dr. Sanjeev Gupta, Dr. Seema*, Dr. Vishal Thakur and Dr. Vipul Parmar


Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) has become the gold standard treatment for gallstone disease. Though mostly safe occasionally it can be difficult due to various problems faced during surgical procedure. Anticipation of likely difficulty can help in avoiding complications and legal aspect. Methods: With the aim of identifying, comparing various predictors of difficulty and their correlation with likely difficulty this prospective study on 100 patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy for symptomatic cholelithiasis was undertaken. Various clinical, sonological predictors were recorded and assessed for intraoperative difficulties and frequency of difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy was recorded. Results: 100 patients were studied with age ranging from 10-80 years, maximum incidence of difficult LC (36.14%) being in the age group 41-50 years. The time taken for LC increased significantly with increasing age. Gender affects the difficulty i.e. 48.15 % difficulty in male as compared to 24.66% among female patients. Body mass index (BMI) > 25 did not show any significance with difficult cholecystectomy. Previous history of multiple attacks of acute cholecystitis, h/o ERCP with CBD stenting, Upper abdominal surgery, clinically tender palpable GB, USG evidence of contracted/distended GB, impacted stone at GB neck, GB wall thickness >4 mm, multiple stones in GB had increased rate of difficult cholecystectomy and the conversion rate. Conclusions: Clinical and sonological predictors are most reliable factors. Use of good clinical judgment regarding possibility of and likely difficulty along with understanding of available resources is important in making decision in each case.

Keywords: Clinical, Sonological, Difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Predictors.

[Full Text Article]




    December issue has been successfully launched on December 2023.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia