( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Ramesh Kaundal, Dr. Vishal Thakur and Dr. Seema*


Background: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is a revolutionary change in the treatment of patients with gallbladder stones. Cholelithiasis is a common problem in day to day surgical practice, which has a prevalence of 10-15%.In laparoscopic cholecystectomy there are many factors which can lead to laparoscopic cholecystectomy more difficult than it appears and dreaded complication of laparoscopic cholecystectomy is bile duct injury. Out of many predictors, contracted gall bladder on preoperative sonogram can predict a difficult cholecystectomy. In this study we will asses preoperative ulatrasound proven contracted gall bladder for difficult cholycystectomy. To identify contracted gall bladder preoperatively ultrasonologically can be helpful for the surgeon to make safe laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Methods: A prospective study was carried out at IGMC Shimla, himachal Pradesh from july 2018tpo aug 2019. One hundred patients with symptomatic cholelithiasis were taken up for the study after due clearance from the institutional ethical committee. Preoperative ultrasound abdomen was performed to rule out gall bladder status wether it was contracted or distended and intraoperative difiiculties were compared in a case of contracted gall bladder to distended gall bladder. Results: Ultrasonologically proven contracted gall bladder were associated with difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Conclusions: Contracted gall bladder were significantly associated with difficult cholecystectomy.preoperative identification of contracted Gall bladder can be a significant predictor for difficult cholecystectomy and will help the surgeon extra cautious during the procedure so as to minimize the complications.

Keywords: Difficult laparoscopic cholecystectomy, Contracted Gall bladder, Preoperative Ultrasound Abdomen.

[Full Text Article]




    December issue has been successfully launched on December 2023.

  • New Issue Published

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia