EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

BONE MINERAL DENSITY, VEGETARIANISM, VITAMIN D, CALCIUM, AND ADIPOKINES: A CROSS-SECTIONAL INVESTIGATION

Anna-Liisa Tamm*, Jaak Jürimäe, Aivar Orav, Evelin Mäestu, Petra Marion Vesterinen, Ülle Parm

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Osteoporosis has widely been diagnosed and one reason could be the elimination of meat products from the diet. The aim of the study was to assess the possible impact of vegetarian diet to aBMD among Estonian vegetarians, considering other influencing factors such as age, gender, physical activity, adipokines, vitamin-D, calcium, body composition, smoking and alcohol consumption. Materials and Methods: Participants completed demographics and personal behaviour questionnaire. Whole body and regional aBMD was measured with dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In addition, calcium, vitamin D, leptin, and adiponectin were measured from the fasting blood samples. Results: Altogether 68 adult vegetarians (V; ♂: n=17; 20-48y; ♀: n=51; 20-53y); and 103 omnivores (O; ♂: n=22; 20-54y; ♀: n=81; 18-53y) were examined. V had significantly lower lumbar spine (L1L4; p=0.045) and femoral neck (FN; p=0.019) aBMD values in comparison with O group. Age and gender had an effect on BMD; FNBMD: V vs O coef-.045; p=0.028, female vs male coef-.08; p<0.001; whole body BMD: female vs male coef-.094, p<0.001; older vs younger coef.002, p=0.004; L1L4BMD older vs younger coef.002; p=0.038. Calcium levels were mostly in recommended level (2.02-2.60 mmol/l) in both groups, but significantly higher in O when compared with V (p=0.026). In addition, 43.5% of V and 35.1% of O had vitamin D level below the recommended level. Leptin levels were higher in omnivores (p=0.025) and adipokines playd important role for aBMD. Conclusions: V have lower FN aBMD, although vegetarianism was found to have a positive effect on calcium concentration.

Keywords: Bone mineral density; vegetarian diet; vitamin D; calcium; physical activity; leptin; adiponectin.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 April 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR: APRIL ISSUE PUBLISHED

    APRIL Issue has been successfully launched on 1 April 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )