IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE OF PHARMACOVIGILANCE AMONG MBBS STUDENTS IN A TEACHING INSTITUTION
Parminder Kaur*, Shivani Jalota and Gurpreet Kaur Randhawa
Introduction: In India, pharmacovigilance is still not a well versed topic among health care professionals and Adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting is far behind rest of the world due to lack of knowledge and awareness. Training in pharmacovigilance of under-graduate students can play a vital role in improving this trend of under-reporting. Hence, this study was planned to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) among 2ND year MBBS students and subsequent change in these following a teaching session on pharmacovigilance. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional questionnaire-based study was carried out among the 2ND Year MBBS students, coming for the lectures in the Department of Pharmacology of Government Medical College, Amritsar. Students were asked to fill a pre-designed structured KAP questionnaire consisting of 20 questions before and after training session. The comparison of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice among the students before and after the intervention was done using McNemar test. Results: A total of 161 students of 2nd year MBBS students of Government medical college Amritsar participated in pre test followed by educational intervention and post test. There was a significant improvement in overall response rate in knowledge and attitude among these students in KAP questionnaire following the teaching session on pharmacovigilance. However, improvement in practice towards ADR monitoring was not significant. Conclusion: Teaching session on pharmacovigilance improved the knowledge and inculcated positive attitude toward various aspects of adverse drug reaction reporting among MBBS students.
Keywords: Pharmacovigilance, educational intervention, ADR reporting, Knowledge, Attitude and practice.
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