TEXTILE EFFLUENT – GENERATION, CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES AND IT’S BIODEGRADATION BY PLANTS
Dr. G. Krishnakumari Ph.D*
Increasing globalization causes different environmental pollution. Out of pollution caused by various industries such as textile, dyeing and printing, paper, pulp, plastics, food, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. Textile effluent causes one of the major environmental problems. The effluent from textile industries poses a threat to the environment, due to the presence of various pollutants like residues of different types of dyes, pigments, suspended solids and toxic chemicals. The effluent released from the textile industries are very difficult to treat, because of its complexity, wide variety of dye products such as dispersants, acids, bases, salts, detergents, oxidants, high BOD, COD, pH, colour and presence of heavy metal ions, chlorinated compounds. Different types of dyes used in the textile industry usually have a synthetic origin and complex aromatic molecular structures which make them more stable and more difficult to degrade. The complex textile effluent can be biodegraded by various plants (phyto remediation) reduce the complex pollutants into detoxified smaller compounds.
Keywords: Effluent, Degradation, Phyto-Remediation.
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