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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Jeevan Kumar Giri*, Dr. Pratikshya Majagaiyan, Dr. Santosh K. Singrapu and Dr. Uma B. Gopal


ABSTRACT Background of study: Ayurveda has mentioned body as DoshaDhatuMalaMoolaHeeShareeram. Twak is Upadhatu of Mamas Dhatu which forms the outer covering of the body and protects body from external factors such as heat, cold etc. It is an important organ of the integumentary system envelops underlying tissues and organs. Ayurveda mention the Twak as Sparshanaindrya. The layers of the Twak has been mentioned as 6 or 7 respectively by different Acharyas, but the understanding of the each layer is not so much clear with respect to the layer mentioned in the contemporary science. Acharya explained the thickness of the Twak layers in compared with the Vreehi grain and each layer has different thickness. Regarding the formation of Twak, it was correlated with simile of formation of casein over milk. There is a need to understand the different layer of Twak and skin, their structural, functional & developmental interpretation to correlate in between them. Aims & Objectives: To analysis the Twak Sthara with layers of skin. To analysis the classical concept regarding formation of Twak. Materials and methods: Literature review regarding the Twak (structural, development and applied aspect related) was done through various authorized text books, journals and published articles, and then the critical analysis was done to correlate the possible layer of skin and its formation with the layer of the Twak and its formation process on the basis of classical information. Results: The layer of the Twak corresponds with the layer of skin in the functional and structural aspect. The skin layers are formed gradually throughout the antenatal period; as explained by our Acharya in the form of Sapta Twacha formation in similar order as scum formed over the boiling milk.

Keywords: Twak, Skin, Sapta Twacha, Integuments, Twak Utpatti, etc.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database