CONCEPT OF PAKA-KALA IN SNEHA KALPANA WITH REFERENCE TO ASHWAGANDHADHYA GHRITA
*Dr. Vasavdutta Kothari, Prof. B. J. Patgiri and Prof. P. K. Prajapati
Sneha kalpana is one of the chief kalpana of Ayurvedic therapeutics. As per classical method it should not be prepared in one day “Sadhyetanaekavasare”, by doing it in more than one day its properties are augmented. Ashwagandhadya ghrita of Cakradutt was taken up for studying the above aspect. As it contains godugdha hence, it should be prepared in three days and as its kwatha from roots in twelve days. Three batches of each sample of Ashwagandhadya ghrita i.e. in 1, 3 and 12 days duration were prepared and were analysed as per pharmacopoeial standards. It was observed that three days of Ashwagandhadya ghrita was ideal than one and twelve days due to loss of necessary useful substances (here omega-3 fatty acids like EPA-eicosapantenoic acid & DHA-docosahexanoic acid), less amount of useful active constituents (here Withanoside IV and Withanone) and more production of harmful substances (here trans fatty acids).
Keywords: Sneha kalpana, Ashwagandhadya ghrita, paka kala concept, Sadhyetnaekvasare.
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